Cardiovascular disease is still the number 1 cause of death in the world. In 2015, approximately 17 million people died from cardiovascular disease, 7.4 million of them died from coronary heart disease and 6.7 million from stroke. In addition, of the 17 million cases of premature death, under 70 years, due to non-communicable diseases, 37% were due to cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease is a disease caused by impaired functioning of the heart and blood vessels. Diseases included in cardiovascular diseases, such as coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, and hypertension.
In Indonesia, cardiovascular disease is also a cause of death number 1. From the WHO data in 2014, it stated that 37% of the mortality rate in Indonesia caused by cardiovascular disease. It is undeniable, in line with the shift of an increasingly modern era, the pattern of life of Indonesian society also shifted towards an unhealthy lifestyle. The Indonesian people increasingly experience sedentary living behavior, lack of physical activity, consumption of fast food, obesity, and stress, which are risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
In one year alone, 475,000 Americans die from a cardiac arrest. Globally, cardiac arrest claims more lives than colorectal cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, influenza, pneumonia, auto accidents, HIV, firearms, and house fires combined.
Basic life support should be able to carry out by all people. According to 2014 data, nearly 45 percent of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest victims survived when bystander CPR was administered.
The majority of Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrests (OHCA) occurs at public settings (18.8 percent), mostly homes/residences (69.5%) and nursing homes (11.7%).
What is CPR?
CPR or Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is an emergency lifesaving procedure performed when the heart stops beating. Immediate CPR can double or triple chances of survival after cardiac arrest.
Why Is CPR Important?
Keeping the blood flow active, even partially and extends the opportunity for a successful resuscitation once trained medical staff arrive on site.
The 5 links in the adult out-of-hospital Chain of Survival are:
- Recognition of cardiac arrest and activation of the emergency response system (please revert to your local emergency response
- Early CPR with an emphasis on chest compressions
- Rapid defibrillation
- Basic and advanced emergency medical services
- Advanced life support and post-cardiac arrest care
A strong Chain of Survival can improve chances of survival and recovery for victims of cardiac arrest.
About Automated External Defibrillators (AED)
AEDs can greatly increase a cardiac arrest victim’s chances of survival. Here is a two-page guide on how to implement an AED program at a company or organization. To minimize the time to defibrillation for cardiac arrest victims, deployment of AEDs should not be limited to only trained people (although training is still recommended).
Learn more about how the use of AEDs can dramatically boost survival of cardiac arrest patients.
How CPR Is Performed?
There are two commonly known versions of CPR:
For healthcare providers and those trained: conventional CPR using chest compressions and mouth-to-mouth breathing at a ratio of 30:2 compressions-to-breaths. In adult victims of cardiac arrest, it is reasonable for rescuers to perform chest compressions at a rate of 100 to 120/min and to a depth of at least 2 inches (5 cm) for an average adult, while avoiding excessive chest compression depths (greater than 2.4 inches [6 cm]).
For the public or bystanders who witness an adult suddenly collapse: compression-only CPR, or Hands-Only CPR. Hands-Only CPR is CPR without mouth-to-mouth breaths. It is recommended for use by people who see a teen or adult suddenly collapse in an out-of-hospital setting (such as at home, at work, or in a park).
Hands-Only CPR consists of two easy steps:
- Call your local emergency response (ex: 911) (or send someone to do that)
- Push hard and fast in the center of the chest
About High-Quality CPR
High-quality CPR should be performed by anyone – including bystanders. There are five critical components:
- Minimize interruptions in chest compressions
- Provide compressions of adequate rate and depth
- Avoid leaning on the victim between compressions
- Ensure proper hand placement
- Avoid excessive ventilation
Even Children Can Perform Successful CPR
A recent study tested sixth graders and their capacity to use Hands-Only CPR to save lives. The study found that the majority of children could perform CPR in the correct location and at the appropriate compression rate, making this a viable group to train to help save lives.